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A dental Maryland bridge, also known as a resin-bonded bridge or a Maryland-bonded bridge, is a type of dental bridge used to replace one or more missing teeth. Unlike traditional dental bridges that rely on dental crowns for support, a Maryland bridge uses a metal or porcelain framework bonded to the back surfaces of the adjacent teeth to hold the artificial tooth (pontic) in place.

dentist holding a dental implant

The main components of a Maryland bridge include:

● Pontic: The artificial tooth that fills the gap left by the missing tooth or teeth.● Framework: The metal or porcelain framework that supports the pontic and is bonded to the back surfaces of the adjacent teeth (abutment teeth).
Maryland bridges are typically used to replace missing front teeth, where the biting forces are relatively light and aesthetic considerations are important.

They offer several advantages, including:

● Conservative preparation: Maryland bridges require minimal alteration of the adjacent teeth since they do not involve the placement of dental crowns. This helps to preserve the natural tooth structure.● Aesthetic appearance: The pontic of a Maryland bridge can be made of tooth-colored materials such as porcelain, which closely resemble natural teeth, resulting in a more natural-looking smile.● Less invasive: Since Maryland bridges do not require the removal of tooth structure for crown placement, the procedure is less invasive and may be more comfortable for some patients.
However, Maryland bridges also have some limitations. They may not be suitable for replacing missing molars or teeth with heavy biting forces, as the bonding may not be strong enough to withstand the pressure. Additionally, the longevity of Maryland bridges may be affected by factors such as oral hygiene habits, diet, and the strength of the bonding material.
Overall, Maryland bridges offer a conservative and aesthetic option for replacing missing teeth, but they may not be suitable for all patients or clinical situations. It is essential to consult with a dentist to determine the most appropriate treatment option based on individual needs and considerations.

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